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Friday, December 2, 2022

Eight Governments Committed to Initiate Offshore Wind Farm Projects in the Baltic Sea

At the Conference on off-shore wind farms organized by the Polish Association for Wind Energy (PWEA), the high-level representatives of eight Baltic Sea countries and the European Commission signed a joint Declaration geared at accelerating the construction of offshore wind farm capacities in the Baltic Sea. The signatories include Poland, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia.

The cooperation will encompass issues of hybrid offshore wind farms, smart networks, integration of the energy system, and digitalization. According to the Declaration, the countries will also develop coordinated approaches to offshore planning, taking into consideration the remaining sea space purposes and environmental protection.  

The Declaration states that the offshore wind production of energy is of key significance for attaining national and international climate and energy objectives. In its scenarios for a climate-neutral Europe up to 2050, the European Commission wishes to increase the offshore wind production of energy to 450 GW.

Today the majority of the European offshore wind capacities are installed in the North Sea. According to the scenarios of the association WindEurope, the North Sea will remain the core of the European offshore wind farms with a power capacity of 212 GW by the year 2050. However, the Baltic Sea could host 93 GW to 2050 in relation to the present capacity of 2.2 GW.

Although the majority of the countries presented ambitious plans for the development of offshore wind farms, Poland stands out. The country wants to be the leader in the development of offshore wind farms in the Baltic Sea, setting its goal at 28 GW by 2050. That would represent to that point in time about one-third of all the offshore wind farms in the Baltic Sea.

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